Palic Spa & Hotel Resort
Palic Lake, Serbia
Design team: Adam Vukmanov, Luka Franjesevic, Martin Gsandtner, Tihomir Vuckovic, Tadeas Klaban, Veronika Kopecka, Shota Tsikoliya
Palic Spa is a proposal for a large health and leisure complex (approx. 60,000m2) composed of Thermal Baths, Hotel and Aqua park with areas and spaces for public beaches, restaurants, bars and other related facilities. The Spa center is located on the thin strip that divides two lakes one of which is called Palic - a famous destination for sports and recreation in 19th century's Austrian-Hungarian empire. The legacy of that period is still visible in surrounding context made of beautiful Art Nouveau and Secession architecture and Victorian-style inspired landscapes and parks. There are several more-than-century old villas, summer terraces, male/female baths, hotels, pavilions and water towers defining the image of this picturesque resort located in northern Serbia, which is today popular family and tourist destination known for animal friendly Zoo and more importantly healing thermal ground waters used in several local public pools.
The competition was derived from general master plan which intends to redevelop large portions of water edge with empty fields that encompass most of the lake. There were several restrictions in the brief which asked for a unusually large volume program, one of which was to respect the local context and retain undisrupted view points of heritage. The other challenging condition was to include indoor connection between Thermal Baths, Hotel and Aqua park for free circulation of guests.
Therefore, the suggested proposal has been manifested from series overlaying grids that underlined the position of building volumes separated by three zones along length of the site: relaxing (thermal baths, event (hotel and main square) and entertainment (aqua park and public beach). In this fashion, the entire complex is divided in units which resemble the existing pavilion-like typology of historical architecture, and appear visually smaller when viewed from specific site-approaching points. In the same time the required indoor connections have been kept to its comfortable length between three main buildings and their lobbies. The remaining landscape on site is meandering in two levels (ground and platform), incorporating pedestrian paths, green areas and biopools filtering local water, and is defining private and public space.
The façade of each building unit is covered with environment responsive skin made of timber components inspired by old roof tile patterns found on surrounding historical structures. The envelope is differentiating in its aperture size and depth according to relation between position of sun and location on the facade.